Tuesday, September 15, 2009

Swine Flu H1N1 - Different types of mask that may Protect You from swine flu H1N1 virus

Swine Flu H1N1 - Chemists running short of masks to protect swine flu, H1N1 virus. Swine Flu, H1N1 virus - There has been a rising demand for various types of preventive masks in Mumbai and the supply is falling radically short since the Pune schoolgirl Reeda Shaikh lost her life to swine flu. Most chemists placed orders with distributors after customers came in with demand.

The cheap anti-pollution cloth masks (priced at roughly Rs 10) are getting sold quickly in spite of not guaranteeing prevention from swine flu H1N1.The N-95 masks (were popular during the Sars scare) promise 95% filtering efficiency, are in demand but not easily available.

The N-95 disposable mask, comes in five different models. It costs Rs 55 to Rs 270. It is suppose to help reduce exposure to particles more than 0.3 microns in size. The N95 respirator has more than 95% filtering efficiency. It has been tested and recommended by the World Health Organisation (WHO) for pandemics.

Swine flu - prevention, Different types of mask that may Protect You from swine flu


This mask prevents droplets and viruses that are more than 4 microns in diameter, like the influenza virus which causes the common cold, from passing through. Best used outdoors and on public transport. Made of paper with a gelatinous layer.


Comfortable, provides ventilation. Can fit everybody as the straps can be adjusted to fit each head size. Even children can wear it.


Should be changed every four hours, or once it becomes wet with fluid. Difficult for people wearing secs as vapour will keep forming on their lenses.


This mask will not give much protection against swine flu or H1N1 viruses. They do not have a filter. Unlike the three-ply surgical mask. Anything with a diameter less than 5 microns will be able to pass through the paper and into the respiratory system.


Ok for minimal use. People serving food can use it for hygiene. Not useful for those who have a cough or cold.


Hardly any protection against viruses. Can tear easily because of moisture from saliva.


Very effective in catching very small particles as the material used to make this mask generates static electricity. Particles above 0.3 micron cannot pass through. Used to protect against highly transmissible respiratory infections such as tb.


Made using a nonwoven technology of polypropylene fiber, that increases the density and filtering function.


Breathing difficulties. Children may not be able to cover up the nose and mouth completely.

Swine flu screening centres in India

Swine flu screening centres

Mumbai: Kasturba Hospital
Ph: 022- 23083901 / 23092458 / 23000889

Mumbai: Bhabha Hospital in Bandra
Ph: 26422775 / 26429828 / 26406787

Mumbai: Rajawadi Hospital in Ghatkopar
Ph: 022-25094149

Delhi: Malviya Nagar hospital
Ph: 011-26689999

All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)
Ansari Nagar, Aurobindo Marg Ring Road, New Delhi – 29
(011) 26594404, 26861698 Prof. R C Deka - 9868397464

National Institute for Communicable Diseases
22, Sham Nath Marg,
New Delhi – 54
(011) 23971272/060/344/524/449/326

Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital
Kharak Singh Marg,
New Delhi – 01
(011) 23741640, 23741649, 23741639
Dr. N K Chaturvedi – 9811101704

Vallabhai Patel Chest Institute
University Enclave, New Delhi- 07
(011) 27667102, 27667441, 27667667, 27666182

Chennai: Communicable Disease Hospital
Ph: 91-11-24525211, 23404328

Bangalore: Rajiv Gandhi Institute Of Chest Diseases
Ph: 91-80-26631923

Pune: Dr. Naidu Infectious Disease Hospital,
Ph: 09923130909

Nagpur: Govt Medical College and Hospital,
Ph: 0712-2750730

Kolkatta: Beliaghata Infectious Diseases Hospital,
Ph: 09433392182

Mumbai: Bhagwati Hospital in Borivali
Ph: 022-28932461, 022-28932462, 022-28932463

Mumbai: M T Agarwal Hospital in Mulund
Ph: 022-25605728

Mumbai: Siddharth Hospital in Goregaon
Ph: 022 28766885, 022 28766886

Mumbai: Cooper hospital in Vile Parle
Ph: 022 6207254,022 6207256

Mumbai: S K Patil in Malad
Ph: 022 28891238

Mumbai: Bhabha hospital in Kurla
Ph: 022 6500241/144

Pune: Erandvana Hospital
Contact: Dr Sarita Ganala (9764000939)
Mhatre Bridge

Pune: Late Anandibai Narhar Gadgil Hospital,
Contact: Dr Jyotsana Khole (9422987953)
Ganj Peth

Pune: Late Balaji Rakhmaji Gaikwad Hospital,
Contact: Dr Sandhya Bahule
Narayan Peth

Pune: Late Kalavatibai Mavale Hospital,
Contact: Dr Nila Limaye (9881385015)
Pune: Late Mamasaheb Badade Hospital,
Contact: Dr Swati Joshi
Raviwar Peth

Pune: Hutatma Babu Genu Hospital,
Contact: Dr Dinesh Bende (9421018878)
Koregaon Park

Pune: Hospital for Swine Flu (H1N1 Virus) Screening
Late Bapusaheb Ganuji Kavade Hospital,

Contact: Dr Jaya Bhondave (9922504428)
Ganesh Peth

Pune: Late Rohidas Kirad Hospital,
Contact: Dr Chandrashekhar Gujar

Pune: Late Jayabai Nanasaheb Sutar MaternityHospital,
Contact: Dr Shyam Satpute (9823217047)
Alandi Road

Pune: Siddharth Hospital
Contact: Dr Bhagwant Gagare (9423004811)

Pune: Late Shivshankar Pote Hospital,
Contact: Dr Vidya Rajwade (9422520930)
Aundh Road

Pune: Late Baburao Genba Shavale Hospital,
Contact: Dr Madhuri Gare (9823224789)

Pune: Late Damodar Ravji Galande Hospital,
Contact: Dr Ujjwala Khristi (9730571404)
Shukrawar Peth

Pune: Dr Kotnis Health Centre,
Contact: Dr Asmita Bhoi (9850992960)

Pune: Late Jangalrao Kondiba Amrale Hospital,
Contact: Dr Aparna Gokhale (9823214103)

Government Authorised Hospitals

Sir J J Hospital
Ph: (022) 23735555, 23739031, 23760943, 23768400 / 23731144 / 5555 / 23701393 / 1366

Haffkine Institute
Ph: (022) 24160947, 24160961, 24160962

King Institute of Preventive Medicine
Ph: (044) 22501520, 22501521 & 22501522
Government General Hospital
Ph: (044) 25305000, 25305723, 25305721, 25330300

Naidu Hospital
Ph: (020) 26058243
National Institute of Virology
Ph: (020) 26006290

Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu)
D Hospital
Ph: (033) 23701252 Coimbatore
Coimbatore Government General Hospital
Ph: (0422) 2301393, 2301394, 2301395, 2301396

Govt. General and Chest Diseases Hospital
Ph: (040) 23814939

Others Hospitals in Hyderabad:

Kondapur Isolation Centre, Vanasthalipuram Hospital, King Kothi, Osmania, Gandhi Hospital, Railway Hospital, AP State Road Transport Corporation Hospital and ESI Hospital at Nacharam.

Swine Flu

Ok so lets get started. Since the topic on every one's lips nowadays is swine flu here's some common questions answered regarding swine flu.

What is swine flu?
Swine Influenza (swine flu) is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza viruses. Outbreaks of swine flu happen regularly in pigs. People do not normally get swine flu, but human infections can and do happen. Most commonly, human cases of swine flu happen in people who are around pigs but it’s possible for swine flu viruses to spread from person to person also.
Are there human infections with swine flu ?
Everyone knows by now. YES.

Is this swine flu virus contagious?
CDC has determined that this virus is contagious and is spreading from human to human. However, at this time, it not known how easily the virus spreads between people.

What are the signs and symptoms of swine flu in people?
The symptoms of swine flu in people are similar to the symptoms of regular human flu and include fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue. Some people have reported diarrhea and vomiting associated with swine flu. In the past, severe illness (pneumonia and respiratory failure) and deaths have been reported with swine flu infection in people. Like seasonal flu, swine flu may cause a worsening of underlying chronic medical conditions.

How serious is swine flu infection?
Like seasonal flu, swine flu in humans can vary in severity from mild to severe. Between 2005 until January 2009, 12 human cases of swine flu were detected in the U.S. with no deaths occurring. However, swine flu infection can be serious. In September 1988, a previously healthy 32-year-old pregnant woman in Wisconsin was hospitalized for pneumonia after being infected with swine flu and died 8 days later. A swine flu outbreak in Fort Dix, New Jersey occurred in 1976 that caused more than 200 cases with serious illness in several people and one death.

How do you catch swine flu?
Spread of swine flu can occur in two ways:
• Through contact with infected pigs or environments contaminated with swine flu viruses.
• Through contact with a person with swine flu. Human-to-human spread of swine flu has been documented
also and is thought to occur in the same way as seasonal flu. Influenza is thought to spread mainly person-
to-person through coughing or sneezing of infected people.

Are there medicines to treat swine flu?
Yes. CDC recommends the use of oseltamivir (Tamiflu) or zanamivir (Relenza) for the treatment and/or prevention of infection with these swine influenza viruses. Antiviral drugs are prescription medicines (pills, liquid or an inhaler) that fight against the flu by keeping flu viruses from reproducing in your body. If you get sick, antiviral drugs can make your illness milder and make you feel better faster. They may also prevent serious flu complications. For treatment, antiviral drugs work best if started soon after getting sick (within 2 days of symptoms).

How long can an infected person spread swine flu to others?
People with swine influenza virus infection should be considered potentially contagious as long as they are
symptomatic and possible for up to 7 days following illness onset. Children, especially younger children, might potentially be contagious for longer periods.

What can I do to protect myself from getting sick?
There is no vaccine available right now to protect against swine flu(Recently developed- seems to be efficacious but studies need to be done on the ever changing mutant strains of H1N1 influenza virus and how long will it be effective.The vaccine is at the moment not available in Asian countries). There are everyday actions that can help prevent the spread of germs that cause respiratory illnesses like influenza. Take these everyday steps to protect your health:
• Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw the tissue in the trash after you
• Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze. Alcohol-based hand
cleaners are also effective.
• Try to avoid close contact with sick people.
• If you get sick with influenza, CDC recommends that you stay home from work or school and limit contact
with others to keep from infecting them. Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Germs spread
this way.

What should I do if I get sick?
If you are sick, you should stay home and avoid contact with other people as much as possible to keep from
spreading your illness to others.
If you become ill and experience any of the following warning signs, seek emergency medical care.

In children emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include:
• Fast breathing or trouble breathing
• Bluish skin color
• Not drinking enough fluids
• Not waking up or not interacting
• Being so irritable that the child does not want to be held
• Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough
• Fever with a rash

In adults, emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include:
• Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
• Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen
• Sudden dizziness
• Confusion
• Severe or persistent vomiting

Can I get swine influenza from eating or preparing pork?
No. Swine influenza viruses are not spread by food. You cannot get swine influenza from eating pork or pork
products. Eating properly handled and cooked pork products is safe.


Hi Friends,
I am a Chest Physician and through this blog I aim to spread the awareness about all aspects of chest diseases and the info which are really important for a common man and would be of use to him/her in future life.
All kinds of queries regarding this will be definitely entertained and it will be my pleasure to answer them.
I am planning to share info regarding various respiratory conditions one by one at routine intervals.
Any requests in this regards will definitely be considered.
Have a nice time.

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